To achieve a world peace, development paradigm in personal and national level was not enough. In the current millennium, the development should be focused on community development in globalization level. This means that we are talking about the life of nations. And talk about this problem, I would like to invite us all to remember the millennium development goals set by the United Nations earlier in the year 2005. Indonesia and 189 other countries have agreed on eight millennium goals.
The first to seventh goals are to emphasize the importance and seriousness of elimination of poverty, improving health status, environmental improvements and access to knowledge. While the eighth goals emphasize the development of a global partnership for development.
In our world today, eight million people died because they were too poor to survive every day. While 1.1 billion people, or one-sixth the population of the earth, drowning in what is called the Jeffrey D. Sachs in The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time (2005) as “extreme poverty”. Our world is filled with true poverty. This is fertile ground for conflict, hostility and terrorism. Dry and barren fields for peace. Poverty continues to decline education and improvement of human mortality. Don’t end up there, the problems spread of new diseases and environmental degradation are also problems that never ended.
These goals make development paradigm of all nations changed. If the first development was focused on their own needs, now it must surely change to the global community needs. This thing is evidenced by the various businesses in the world which leads to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are. For example is Tokyo Treaty (1997), which is opposed by many superpowers, until now still maintained its existence by developing countries. Other sample is solidarity from southern countries to northern countries urged to increase development assistance rather than loans, with no quality requirements, 0.7 percent minimum, and reject ODA (Official Development Assistance) that are not beneficial to the country.
This really was warned long ago by Adam Smith in his book Wealth of Nations (1776), that in context of the state, personal ambition (self interests) must be balanced with good morals so that they can restrain ambition (self reliance). It can be imagined if it was not done, of course there will no equitable distribution to all countries in the world. Rich countries will get richer and poor countries will increasingly be in the valley of poverty.
Birth of the eight MDGs target point are a gateway to world countries to control ‘lust’ at the same time it fosters the awareness of responsibility to preserve integrity of the together world. Until now, these MDGs countries activists still remain to calls voice to take action steps to achieve all these aims. Real commitment that has been present is gathering funds 16 billion U.S. dollars, with about 1.6 billion U.S. dollars to improve food security, 4.5 billion dollars for education, and three billion dollars to reduce the malaria disease.
Now what about the country of Indonesia? Indonesia, including countries that are concerned about realizing achievement of eight points of MDGs. MDGs have become an important reference to development in Indonesia, starting from the planning stage as stated in its Medium Term Development Plan (RPJM) to exercise under the command of Bappenas. Despite the various obstacles, the government is committed to achieving these objectives and required hard work and cooperation with all parties, including civil society, private sector and donors.
However, recently the government to analyze that there are three possible targets failed to achieve them by 2015. The possibility is shown through the maternal mortality rate is still high, the prevention of HIV / AIDS is not maximum, and the rejuvenation of the environment is not optimal, and mortgage debt burden is very large. Other MDGs programs require a very large cost. If referred by the Finance Ministry data, as of August 31, 2008, Indonesia’s largest debt payment burden will occur in the year 2009-2015 the number ranged from Rp97, 7 trillion (in 2009) to Rp81, 54 trillion (in 2015) the same time frame for achieving MDGs . Indonesia’s debt payment amount, the new drastically decreased (2016) to Rp66, 70 trillion.
Due to this, no wrong if Indonesia is placed in a vulnerable position. Vulnerability index attainment of the MDGs in Indonesia were already in middle position with the Philippines, Nepal, and Papua New Guinea, as well as worse than Vietnam, Bangladesh, and India. This is very worrying, given the remaining time in five years (read: 2015) to be able to achieve the MDGs. Indonesia should really push to catch up.
At least, there are four things that must be considered this country to be able to meet the MDG targets in the future.
First, synchronization of the direction of the central government and local governments. Currently, there are 46 programs and 105 related actions achievement of the MDGs, pro-civilian programs, and justice for all programs that have been announced by the central government. Programs and actions it’s just become futile, without any real action at the local level. Don’t let this decentralized country system is obstacle. So, more role progressive of local government to succeed the millennium development goals, it’s also more MDGs will be achieved in Indonesia.
Second, improvement of education sector Indonesia. In fact, nearly eight MDG targets can be achieved if the goal for improvement of this sector has been completed. How not? education will raise the standard of living of the poor, so that famine, death and disease will also decline. Similarly, also with an understanding of gender awareness and maintain the environment. Government must think hard to increase the amount of education participants.
Third, retaining local wisdom in Indonesia. Local wisdom contained within a vision, mission and values was transformed into an identity of a society. Indonesia is famous for human social life and cooperation will greatly contribute to achieving the MDGs in the future. In the spirit of a high concern, members of Indonesian society can tolerate the other community members who experience a problem of life. Thus, the public sector can assist the government.
And the last is, optimizing the use of the principles of Eco-Technology. This principle tries to balance between human needs and nature needs. This principle provides a solution to the Indonesian that very dependence on fossil energy use. Indonesia is rich with alternative energy resources, has great potential to use the Eco-Technology. The stay problem is only about energy policy. Implementation of these principles will affect the use of systemic to the reduction of environmental pollution.